Archaeological Tour in Vergina
The archaeological site of Vergina, or Aeges as it used to be called, is full of interesting and exciting exhibits and a must visit for those interested about the history of Macedonia and Greece.
At the foot of mount Pieria lies one of the most important archaeological discoveries of the 20th century and a UNESCO world heritage site, the tomb of Philip II, king of Macedonia and the father of Alexander the Great, as well as the grave of Alexander IV, son of Alexander the Great and Roxanis.
King Philip Tomb
After many years of excavations, which began in 1937, at the instigation of Mr. Constantinos Romanos (professor of archeology at the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki), in 1977 the archaeologist Manolis Andronikos and his team brought to light the tomb of Philip II, the King of Macedonia from 359 BC until 336 BC. This was one of the world’s greatest and, meanwhile, most controversial archaeological discoveries.
The tomb is truly majestic, as is appropriate for every king of the time. It consists of two chambers where one of them is the famous golden urn with theof the king. On the facade of the tomb we find plinths and semicolons that support the Dorian architrave but also the Ionic where it has been orally decorated with pictures of royal hunting.
The Grave of Alexander IV
The same archaeologist, the same year, discovered the tomb of Alexander the Great, son of Alexander the Great and Roxanis. It is the well-known “Prince’s tomb”.
This tomb, of the 15 year old Alexander, has a lot in common with the tomb of Philip II. It also consists of two chambers, has two pilasters that support the Dorian epistle and the only Doric frieze. In this tomb, unlike the tomb of Philip II we do not meet half-timers. Inside the main chamber, in the center, there is a shallow stone cavity where there is the ash with the dead young bones.
It is worth mentioning that there is also the tomb of Persephone, a young woman where she died and was buried with her newborn child. This tomb is an impressive monument dating back to 350 BC.
One of the most important sights of Vergina is its museum. Built beneath the earth, it gives the visitor the feeling of an ancient tomb. Many impressive findings are exhibited there like the Golden Urn of King Philip, things of the king and many more.
For more information about the museum visits its website: http://www.aigai.gr/en
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